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ALLYL CHLORIDEICSC: 0010
October 2004
CAS #: 107-05-13-Chloro-1-propene
Chloroallylene
3-Chloropropylene
UN #: 1100
EINECS #: 203-457-6

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with incompatible substances. See Chemical Dangers.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 STRICT HYGIENE! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Dizziness. Weakness. Laboured breathing. Vomiting. Unconsciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Burning sensation. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Dry. 
PACKAGING
Airtight.
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
ALLYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 0010
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
The substance polymerizes under the influence of acids, heat and peroxides. This generates fire or explosion hazard. On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163). Reacts violently with strong oxidants and powdered metals. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with water. This produces hydrochloric acid. Attacks plastics, rubber and coatings. 

Formula: C3H5Cl / CH2=CHCH2Cl
Molecular mass: 76.5
Boiling point: 45°C
Melting point: -135°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.94
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.36
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 39.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.6
Flash point: -32°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 390°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.9-11.2
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.1  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Inhalation of high concentrations of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The effects may be delayed. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver. This may result in kidney impairment and liver impairment. 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 1 ppm as TWA; 2 ppm as STEL; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).
MAK: skin absorption (H); carcinogen category: 3B 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor, or by an authorized person, should be considered. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: F, Xn, N; R: 11-20/21/22-36/37/38-40-48/20-68-50; S: (2)-16-25-26-36/37-46-61; Note: D 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Allyl Chloride  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 36, 1985)
       Allyl Chloride  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)