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CARBON DISULFIDE
ICSC: 0022
Peer-Review Status: 10.04.2000 Validated
Carbon disulphide
Carbon bisulfide
Carbon sulfide 
CAS #: 75-15-0 RTECS #: FF6650000
UN #: 1131
EC #: 006-003-00-3
EINECS #: 200-843-6
    Formula: CS2
Molecular mass: 76.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Irritability. Hallucinations.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.  Airtight.
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: F, T; R: 11-36/38-48/23-62-63; S: (1/2)-16-33-36/37-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1131.
NFPA Code: H3; F4; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
May decompose explosively on shock, friction or concussion. May explode on heating. The substance may ignite spontaneously on contact with hot surfaces and air. This produces toxic fumes of of sulfur dioxide (see ICSC 0074). Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 10ppm as TWA; (skin); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004); notice of intended change (see Notes).
MAK: 5 ppm, 16 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(2); Pregnancy risk group: B; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2007). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. Exposure between 200 and 500 ppm could cause death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system and nervous system. This may result in coronary heart disease, severe neurobehavioural effects, polyneuritis and psychoses. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 46°C
Melting point: -111°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.26
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.2
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 48
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.63
Flash point: -30°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 90°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: (at 1-50°C)
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.84  
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Carbon disulfide (EHC 10, 1979)
       Carbon disulfide (PIM 102)
       Carbon disulfide (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/2)
       Carbon disulfide (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1)
       Carbon disulfide (FAO/PL:1968/M/9/1)
       Carbon disulfide (WHO Pesticide Residues Series 1)
       Carbon Disulfide (CICADS 46, 2002)