|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames. NO contact with flammables.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!|
|Inhalation||Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconciousness.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1578-S.
NFPA Code: H3; F1; R1.
|Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents and food and feedstuffs.|
Physical State; Appearance
YELLOW-TO-GREEN CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 246°C
Melting point: 33°C
Density: 1.4 g/cm³
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.03
Flash point: 124°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 487°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.15-13.1
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.24
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
TLV (as para-nitrochlorobenzene): 0.1 ppm (skin) A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans) (ACGIH 2004).
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations