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LEAD
(powder)
ICSC: 0052
Peer-Review Status: 10.08.2002 Validated
Lead metal
Plumbum 
CAS #: 7439-92-1 RTECS #: OF7525000
EINECS #: 231-100-4
    Formula: Pb
Atomic mass: [207.2]

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.   
 
EXPOSURE See EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE.  PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!   
Inhalation   Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin   Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes   Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
BLUISH-WHITE OR SILVERY-GREY SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS. TURNS TARNISHED ON EXPOSURE TO AIR. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes. Reacts with oxidants. Reacts with hot concentrated nitric acid, boiling concentrated hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid. Attacked by pure water and by weak organic acids in the presence of oxygen. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 0.05mg/m³ as TWA; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); BEI issued; (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 2; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A; (DFG 2006).
EU OEL ( selected): 0.15mg/m³ as TWA;. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the blood, bone marrow, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and kidneys. This may result in anaemia, encephalopathy (for example; convulsions), peripheral nerve disease, abdominal cramps and kidney impairment. Causes toxicity to human reproduction or development. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 1740°C
Melting point: 327.5°C
Density: 11.34 g/cm³
Solubility in water: none 
Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in plants and mammals. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Lead (EHC 3, 1977)
       Lead (WHO Food Additives Series 4)
       Lead (WHO Food Additives Series 13)
       Lead (WHO Food Additives Series 21)
       Lead (WHO Food Additives Series 44)
       LEAD (JECFA Evaluation)
       Lead (UKPID)