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NICKEL CARBONYLICSC: 0064
April 2017
CAS #: 13463-39-3Nickel tetracarbonyl
UN #: 1259
EINECS #: 236-669-2

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Highly flammable.  Risk of fire and explosion on heating above 60°C. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Liquid and vapour flash in direct sunlight.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidizing agents.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Headache. Dizziness. Chest pain. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Shortness of breath. Muscle pain. Weakness. Convulsions. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use closed system or ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Skin   Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes   Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

flam;flameskull;toxiccancer;health hazenviro;aqua
DANGER
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Fatal if inhaled
May cause cancer if inhaled
May damage fertility or the unborn child
May cause damage to lungs and the nervous system
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Keep under inert gas. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 
PACKAGING
Airtight.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Severe marine pollutant. 
NICKEL CARBONYL ICSC: 0064
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
May explode on heating above 60°C. The substance may ignite spontaneously on contact with air. Decomposes on contact with acids. This produces highly toxic carbon monoxide (see ICSC 0023). Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Oxidizes in air forming deposits which become peroxidized causing fire hazard. 

Formula: C4NiO4 / Ni(CO)4
Molecular mass: 170.7
Boiling point: 43°C
Melting point: -25°C
Decomposes at >50°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
Solubility in water, g/l at 20°C: 0.02 (practically insoluble)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25.8°C: 53
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 3.0
Flash point: <-20°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 60°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2-34 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The vapour is irritating to the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. The substance may cause effects on the lungs and central nervous system. This may result in muscle weakness, delirium and convulsions. The effects may be delayed. Exposure could cause death. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the nervous system. This may result in impaired functions. This substance is carcinogenic to humans if inhaled. May cause toxicity to human reproduction or development. 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 0.05 ppm as STEL; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans) 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 61-11-26-40-50/53; S: 53-45-60-61; Note: E 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Nickel carbonyl (UKPID)