TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces or finely divided metals.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||Risk of fire and explosion on contact with metals. See Chemical Dangers.||NO contact with metals. See Chemical Dangers|
|EXPOSURE||STRICT HYGIENE! PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Drowsiness. Nausea. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness. Burning sensation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness. Burning sensation. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or face shield.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Aspiration hazard! See Inhalation. Cardiac dysrhythmia. Respiratory arrest.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance and complete protective clothing. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 40-51/53; S: (2)-23-36/37-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
Causes skin irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F0; R0.||Separated from metals, ignition sources and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Keep in the dark. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Dry. Cool.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, by ingestion and through the skin.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 121°C
Melting point: -22°C
Density (at 20°C): 1.62 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.015
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.7
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.09
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.4
Auto-ignition temperature: > 650°C
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Tetrachloroethylene (EHC 31, 1984) Tetrachloroethylene (HSG 10, 1987) TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (JECFA Evaluation) Tetrachloroethylene (UKPID) Tetrachloroethylene (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 63, 1995)