TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible under specific conditions. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. See Notes.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Nausea. Incoordination. Unconsciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness.||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Nausea. Vomiting. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: Xn, N; Note: F; R: 20-59; S: (2)-24/25-59-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
Causes mild skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
May cause drowsiness and dizziness
May cause damage to cardiovascular system if inhaled
Harmful to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S2831 or 61GTI-III.
NFPA Code: H2; F1; R0.
|Separated from food and feedstuffs, strong oxidants, aluminium, magnesium and zinc. Cool. Dry. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 74°C
Melting point: -30°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.34
Solubility in water: poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 13.3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6
Flash point: see Notes
Auto-ignition temperature: 537°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 8-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.49
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite, may be developed under certain conditions.
The substance burns only in excess oxygen or if a strong source of ignition is present.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE (JECFA Evaluation) 1,1,1-trichloroethane (UKPID)