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VINYL CHLORIDE
(cylinder)
ICSC: 0082
Peer-Review Status: 13.04.2000 Validated
Chloroethene
Chloroethylene
VCM 
CAS #: 75-01-4 RTECS #: KU9625000
UN #: 1086 (stabilized)
EC #: 602-023-00-7
EINECS #: 200-831-0
    Formula: C2H3Cl / H2C=CHCl
Molecular mass: 62.5

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. In other cases extinguish with powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.  In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.  Protective gloves. Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.  ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.   

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources.   
EC Classification
Symbol: F+, T; R: 45-12; S: 53-45; Note: D 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 2.1 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-20S1086.
NFPA Code: H2; F4; R2. 
Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Store only if stabilized. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. Vapours are uninhibited and may polymerize, causing blockage of vents. 

Chemical dangers
The substance can form explosive peroxides under specific circumstances. The substance readily polymerizes due to heating and under the influence of air, light and on contact with a catalyst, strong oxidizing agents and metals such as copper and aluminium. This generates fire or explosion hazard. Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Attacks iron and steel in the presence of moisture. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 1ppm as TWA; A1 (confirmed human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 1; (DFG 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes. The liquid may cause frostbite. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the liver, spleen, blood, peripheral blood vessels and tissue and bones of the fingers. This substance is carcinogenic to humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: -13°C
Melting point: -154°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9 (liquid)
Density (vapour at 15°C): 8 g/l
Solubility in water: none
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.2
Flash point: -78°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 472°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.6-33
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.6  
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to ground water contamination. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Vinyl Chloride (EHC 215, 1999)
       Vinyl Chloride (HSG 109, 1999)
       Vinyl chloride (WHO Food Additives Series 19)
       VINYL CHLORIDE (JECFA Evaluation)
       Vinyl chloride (PIM 558)
       Vinyl chloride (SIDS)
       Vinyl Chloride  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Supplement7, 1987)
       Vinyl Chloride (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 7, 1974)