|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use alcohol-resistant foam. Use powder. Use carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with bases, acids or strong oxidizing agents.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|EXPOSURE||STRICT HYGIENE!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Nausea. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Pain. Blisters. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Convulsions. Nausea.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 11-24/25-26-34-50; S: 23-26-28-36/37/39-45-61; Note: D
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1092.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R3.
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
YELLOW-TO-COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 53°C
Melting point: -88°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 20
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 29
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.2
Flash point: -26°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 234°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.8-31
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.9
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; render harmless if positive.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004 and April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Acrolein (EHC 127, 1991) Acrolein (HSG 67, 1991) Acrolein (CICADS 43, 2002) Acrolein (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 63, 1995)