|CAS #: 107-13-1||Cyanoethylene
| UN #: 1093
| EINECS #: 203-466-5
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong bases or strong acids.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with strong bases or strong acids. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|SYMPTOMS||ACUTE HAZARDS||FIRST AID|
|Inhalation||Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Convulsions. Chest tightness.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.|
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
Formula: C3H3N / CH2=CH-CN
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|Occupational exposure limits|
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).
MAK: carcinogen category: 2.
MAK sensitization of skin (SH); MAK skin absorption (H)
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
|Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Exposure to the substance will result in cyanide formation.
Also consult ICSC of a cyanide salt, such as 0671.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water.
Symbol: F, T, N; R: 45-11-23/24/25-37/38-41-43-51/53; S: 9-16-53-45-61; Note: D, E
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Acrylonitrile (EHC 28, 1983) Acrylonitrile (HSG 1, 1986) Acrylonitrile (WHO Food Additives Series 19) ACRYLONITRILE (JECFA Evaluation) Acrylonitrile (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/2) Acrylonitrile (CICADS 39, 2002) Acrylonitrile (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)