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ACRYLONITRILEICSC: 0092
Cyanoethylene
2-Propenenitrile
Vinyl cyanide
March 2001
CAS #: 107-13-1
UN #: 1093
EC Number: 203-466-5

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong bases or strong acids.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with strong bases or strong acids.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Weakness. Convulsions. Chest tightness.  Use closed system or ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized. 
PACKAGING
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
ACRYLONITRILE ICSC: 0092
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OR PALE YELLOW LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
The substance polymerizes due to heating and under the influence of light and bases. This generates fire or explosion hazard. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including hydrogen cyanide and nitrogen oxides. Reacts violently with strong acids and strong oxidants. Attacks plastics and rubber. 

Formula: C3H3N / CH2=CH-CN
Molecular mass: 53.1
Boiling point: 77°C
Melting point: -84°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 7
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 11.0
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.8
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.05
Flash point: -1°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 481°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.0-17.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance and the vapour are irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure far above the OEL could cause death. The effects may be delayed. See Notes. Medical observation is indicated. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 2 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).
MAK: carcinogen category: 2; sensitization of skin (SH); skin absorption (H) 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Exposure to the substance will result in cyanide formation.
See ICSC 0671.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: F, T, N; R: 45-11-23/24/25-37/38-41-43-51/53; S: 9-16-53-45-61; Note: D, E 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Acrylonitrile (EHC 28, 1983)
       Acrylonitrile (HSG 1, 1986)
       Acrylonitrile (WHO Food Additives Series 19)
       ACRYLONITRILE (JECFA Evaluation)
       Acrylonitrile (FAO Meeting Report PL/1965/10/2)
       Acrylonitrile (CICADS 39, 2002)
       Acrylonitrile (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)