|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 48°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 48°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Headache. Drowsiness. Lethargy. Nausea. Vomiting.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin. Redness. Pain. Blisters.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.||Wear safety goggles or face shield.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Headache. Dullness. Drowsiness. Nausea. Vomiting.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.||
Symbol: Xn; R: 10-20/22-37/38-40-41-43-52/53-62-68; S: (2)-24/25-26-36/37/39-61
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S2219.||Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and strong acids. Cool. Keep in the dark.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 154°C
Melting point: -100°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.97
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 14
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 0.63
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 48°C o.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: see Notes
Explosive limits, vol% in air: see Notes
Auto-ignition temperature is unknown in literature.
Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 61°C.
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations