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BENZALDEHYDEICSC: 0102
Benzoic aldehyde
Artificial almond oil
Benzenecarbonal
April 2006
CAS #: 100-52-7
UN #: 1990
EC Number: 202-860-4

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Above 63°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames.  Above 63°C use a closed system and ventilation.  Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.   

   
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin Redness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or face shield.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Sore throat.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Rest. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

flam;flameexcl mark;warn
WARNING
Flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if swallowed
Harmful in contact with skin
Toxic to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 9; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor. Cool. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Keep in the dark. 
PACKAGING
 
BENZALDEHYDE ICSC: 0102
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
The substance can form explosive peroxides under special conditions. Reacts violently with aluminium, bases, iron, oxidants and phenol. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Formula: C7H6O / C6H5CHO
Molecular mass: 106.1
Boiling point: 179°C
Melting point: -26°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.05
Solubility in water at 25°C: poor
Vapour pressure, Pa at 26°C: 133
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.7
Flash point: 63°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 192°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.4
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.48  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Rinse contaminated clothes with plenty of water because of fire hazard.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 22; S: (2)-24 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Benzaldehyde (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 44a)
       BENZALDEHYDE (JECFA Evaluation)
       Benzaldehyde  (SIDS)