|HYDROGEN SULFIDE||ICSC: 0165|
|CAS #: 7783-06-4||Dihydrogen sulphide
| UN #: 1053
| EINECS #: 231-977-3
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Extremely flammable. Gas/air mixtures are explosive.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding) if in liquid state. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.||Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. In other cases extinguish with water spray, dry powder. In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|SYMPTOMS||ACUTE HAZARDS||FIRST AID|
|Inhalation||Cough. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Irregular heartbeat. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Administration of oxygen may be needed. Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.||Cold-insulating gloves.||ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Shut off cylinder if possible. Ventilation. Remove gas with fine water spray. Isolate the area until the gas has dispersed.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
DANGERExtremely flammable gas
Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
Fatal if inhaled
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause respiratory irritation
Very toxic to aquatic life
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Install continous monitoring system with alarm. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
|HYDROGEN SULFIDE||ICSC: 0165|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|Occupational exposure limits|
TLV: 1 ppm as TWA; 5 ppm as STEL.
MAK: 7.1 mg/m3, 5 ppm; peak limitation category: I(2); pregnancy risk group: C.
EU-OEL: 7 mg/m3, 5 ppm as TWA; 14 mg/m3, 10 ppm as STEL
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
|The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Since the warning effect of the odour may be absent above the OEL (paralysis of the olfactory nerve), there is considerable risk of intoxication. The odour cannot be relied on as an adequate warning of the presence of hydrogen sulfide.
Symbol: F+, T+, N; R: 12-26-50; S: (1/2)-9-16-36-38-45-61
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Hydrogen sulfide (EHC 19, 1981)