IPCS INCHEM Home
NITROGLYCERINICSC: 0186
Glyceryl trinitrate
Glycerol trinitrate
1,2,3-Propanetriol trinitrate
Blasting oil
June 2015
CAS #: 55-63-0
UN #: 0143 (desensitized)
EC Number: 200-240-8

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Risk of fire and explosion. Explosive.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 

 STRICT HYGIENE! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Headache. Nausea. Flushing of the face. Dizziness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Flushing of the face. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

explskull;toxiccancer;health haz
DANGER
Explosive; mass explosion hazard
Fatal if swallowed or in contact with skin
May cause damage to cardiovascular system
May cause damage to heart through prolonged or repeated exposure
Toxic to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 1.1D (Desensitized); UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1 (Desensitized) 

STORAGE
Store only if stabilized. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Fireproof. Well closed. Separated from food and feedstuffs. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
NITROGLYCERIN ICSC: 0186
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS-TO-YELLOW VISCOUS LIQUID OR PALE YELLOW CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. May decompose explosively on shock, friction or concussion. On combustion, forms toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides. Reacts with ozone. This generates explosion hazard. 

Formula: C3H5N3O9 / C3H5(NO3)3
Molecular mass: 227.1
Decomposes at 50-60°C
Melting point: 13.5°C
Boiling point at 2kPa: 160°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.6
Solubility in water: poor
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 0.03
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.8
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.62  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system. This may result in lowering of blood pressure. Medical observation is indicated. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. Repeated exposure leads to marked tolerance and short absence from exposure may lead to sudden death. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 0.05 ppm as TWA; (skin).
MAK: 0.094 mg/m3, 0.01 ppm; peak limitation category: II(1); skin absorption (H); carcinogen category: 3B; pregnancy risk group: C.
EU-OEL: 0.095 mg/m3, 0.01 ppm as TWA; 0.19 mg/m3, 0.02 ppm as STEL; (skin) 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation.
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Other UN numbers are: UN 0144 Nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with more than 1% but not more than 10% nitroglycerin; UN Haz Class 1.1D.
UN 1204 Nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with not more than 1% of nitroglycerin; UN Haz Class 3, Pack Group II.
UN 3064 Nitroglycerin, solution in alcohol with more than 1% but not more than 5% of nitroglycerin, UN Haz Class 3, Pack Group II.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: E, T+, N; R: 3-26/27/28-33-51/53; S: (1/2)-33-35-36/37-45-61 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations