|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.||Use powder, carbon dioxide. NO hydrous agents. NO water.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.||Use breathing protection. Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness. Serious skin burns. Burning sensation. Pain. Blisters.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear safety spectacles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Symbol: F, C; R: 11-14-34; S: (1/2)-9-16-26-45
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1717.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R2; W.
|Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Dry. Well closed.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS FUMING LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 51°C
Melting point: -112°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.11
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 32
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.7
Flash point: 5°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 390°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 7.3-19
|This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to water quality.|
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as hydrous agents (water, foam).
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations