|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||See Notes.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||STRICT HYGIENE!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain. Blisters.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Abdominal pain. Sore throat. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid with with dilute acid such as dilute sulfuric acid. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Symbol: C, N; R: 34-50; S: (1/2)-26-36/37/39-45-61; Note: B
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80S2672.
NFPA Code: H3; F1; R0.
|Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. See Notes.|
Physical State; Appearance
VERY VOLATILE COLOURLESS AMMONIA SOLUTION IN WATER WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol or vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 38°C (25%)
Melting point: -58°C (25%)
Relative density (water = 1): 0.9 (25%)
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 48 (25%)
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 0.6-1.2
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
Ammonia vapour is flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
Be aware that ammonia gas can evolve from ammonia solution.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Do NOT completely fill bottles with the substance; strong solutions may develop pressure.
Release caps with care.
Other UN numbers are: UN 1005 Ammonia, anhydrous liquefied or ammonia solutions, relative density of less than 0.880 at 15°C in water, with more than 50% ammonia; UN 2073 Ammonia, 35-50%.
Also consult ICSC 0414 Ammonia.
Card has been partly updated in October 2004.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations