|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Vomiting. Convulsions. Unconciousness. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Shock or collapse. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T, N; R: 25-34-50; S: (1/2)-23-37-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1751.
NFPA Code: H3; F1; R0.
|Separated from strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 189°C
Melting point: see Notes
Density: 1.58 g/cm³
Solubility in water: very good
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 8.68
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.26
Flash point: 126°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 470°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 8 -?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.34
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Melting point of alpha form = 63°C, beta form = 56.2°C, gamma form = 52.5°C.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Other UN numbers: 1750 Chloroacetic acid, solution; 3250 Chloroacetic acid, molten.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Chloroacetic acid (SIDS)