IPCS INCHEM Home
2-CHLOROETHANOLICSC: 0236
May 2003
CAS #: 107-07-32-Chloroethyl alcohol
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Glycol chlorohydrin
UN #: 1135
EINECS #: 203-459-7

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Above 60°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 60°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.  Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong bases, oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed. 
PACKAGING
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
2-CHLOROETHANOL ICSC: 0236
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive gases of hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with water and steam. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts with strong bases. This produces ethylene oxide. This generates fire and toxic hazard. 

Formula: C2H5ClO / ClCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 80.5
Boiling point: 128-130°C
Melting point: -67°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.65
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.78
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 60°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 425°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4.9-15.9
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.06  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver. This may result in cardiac disorders, low blood pressure, kidney impairment, liver impairment and respiratory failure. Exposure could cause death. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 1 ppm as STEL; (skin); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
MAK: 3.3 mg/m3, 1 ppm; peak limitation category: II(1); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: C 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T+; R: 26/27/28; S: (1/2)-7/9-28-45 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations