TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Nausea. Vomiting. Cough. Headache. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, T; R: 45-11-22-36/37/38; S: 53-45; Note: E
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if swallowed
May be harmful in contact with skin
Toxic if inhaled
Causes skin and eye irritation
Suspected of causing cancer
Causes damage to lungs, liver and kidneys
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May cause damage to liver and kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure
Harmful to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0.||Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS VISCOUS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS DARK ON EXPOSURE TO AIR, MOISTURE AND LIGHT.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 83.5°C
Melting point: -35.7°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 0.87
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 8.7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.42
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.2
Flash point: 13°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 440°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4.2-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.48
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE (JECFA Evaluation) 1,2-Dichloroethane (SIDS)