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ETHYLENE GLYCOLICSC: 0270
March 1999
CAS #: 107-21-11,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Dihydroxyethane
EINECS #: 203-473-3

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible.    NO open flames.    Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.   

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache.  Use ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Dullness. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
 

STORAGE
Separated from strong oxidants and strong bases. Dry. Ventilation along the floor. 
PACKAGING
 
ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS VISCOUS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases. 

Formula: HOCH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 62.1
Boiling point: 198°C
Melting point: -13°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 111°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 398°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.2-15.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.93  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the kidneys and central nervous system. This may result in renal failure and brain injury. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system. This may result in abnormal eye movements (nystagmus). 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 25 (vapour and aerosol) ppm as TWA; 50 (vapour) ppm as STEL; 10 (inhaleable aerosols) mg/m3 as STEL; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
MAK: 10 ppm; 26 mg/m3; peak limitation category: I(2); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: C.
EU-OEL: 52 mg/m3 as TWA; 104 mg/m3 as STEL; (skin) 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 22; S: (2) 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Ethylene glycol (PIM 227)
       Ethylene glycol (PIM 227F, French)