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FLUOROACETIC ACIDICSC: 0274
April 2017
CAS #: 144-49-0Monofluoroacetic acid
FAA
alpha-Fluoroacetic acid
UN #: 2642
EINECS #: 205-631-7

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    See Chemical Dangers.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.   

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Muscle cramps. Confusion. Irregular heartbeat. Symptoms may be delayed.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower for at least 15 minutes. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Eyes Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burns in mouth and throat. Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Shock or collapse. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

skull;toxiccorr
DANGER
Fatal if swallowed
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Harmful to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 
PACKAGING
Airtight.
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
FLUOROACETIC ACID ICSC: 0274
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
ODOURLESS COLOURLESS CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces highly toxic fumes including fluorides. Reacts with many chemicals. This produces toxic and flammable gases. 

Formula: C2H3FO2 / CH2FCOOH
Molecular mass: 78.0
Boiling point: 165°C
Melting point: 35.2°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.37
Solubility in water: freely soluble
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.061 (estimated)
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C°C: 5.34hPA  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and kidneys. This may result in impaired functions including cardiac and renal failure. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. Exposure could cause death. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying or when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the testes and heart. 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to mammals. 

NOTES
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T+, N; R: 28-50; S: (1/2)-20-22-26-45-61 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations