|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with hot surfaces.||Use AFFF, powder, carbon dioxide. NO hydrous agents. NO water.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||Redness. Blisters. Pain. Skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. NEVER direct water jet on liquid. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable dry non-plastic containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
UN Hazard Class: 4.3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3 and 8; UN Pack Group: I
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43S1242.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R2; W.
|Fireproof. Separated from oxidants, incompatible materials and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Keep under inert gas.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 41°C
Melting point: -92°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 47.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.97
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 2.38
Flash point: -22°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 290°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.4-55
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations