|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with acids.||Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry powder. NO carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with acids or oxidants.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Vomiting. Dizziness. Headache. Symptoms may be delayed.||Use closed system.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Further see Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 45-11-26/27/28-41-51/53; S: 53-45-61; Note: E
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Fatal if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled
Causes skin irritation
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause cancer
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Fireproof. Separated from acids, oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Ventilation along the floor. Store only in original container. Store only if stabilized.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OILY FUMING LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 67°C
Melting point: -63°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 14.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.21
Flash point: -18°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.13
Viscosity: 0.6 mm²/s at 25°C
Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 61°C.
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as carbon dioxide.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Data on similar substances suggest the possibility of environmental effects.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance; consult an expert.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations