|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 21°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 21°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Nausea. Fatigue. Dizziness. Confusion. Unconciousness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety spectacles.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Nausea. Vomiting. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: T; R: 45-65; S: 53-45; Note: H, P
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1268.
NFPA Code: H1; F4; R0.
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 130-230°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.765-0795
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.1-1.4
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.5-5
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 21°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 230-240°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.6-8.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.16/7.06
This is a mixture of saturated aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons (C7-C12) and aromatic hydrocarbons (C7-C12).
May contain benzene (see ICSC 0015) but modern Stoddard solvents usually contain little or no benzene.
The symptoms of chemical pneumonitis often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Auto-ignition temperature may be reduced to approx.
180°C in the presence of a high-surface-area material.
Flash points may vary from 21 to 60 °C depending on the composition.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations