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STODDARD SOLVENT
ICSC: 0361
Peer-Review Status: 22.04.2004 Validated
White spirit 
CAS #: 8052-41-3 RTECS #: WJ8925000
UN #: 1268
EC #: 649-345-00-4
EINECS #: 232-489-3
   

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 21°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 21°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Nausea. Fatigue. Dizziness. Confusion. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 45-65; S: 53-45; Note: H, P 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1268.
NFPA Code: H1; F4; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 100ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and skin. Inhalation of the vapour may cause irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure to high concentrations of vapour could cause unconsciousness. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 130-230°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.765-0795
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.1-1.4
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.5-5
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 21°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 230-240°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.6-8.0
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.16/7.06  
 

NOTES
This is a mixture of saturated aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons (C7-C12) and aromatic hydrocarbons (C7-C12).
May contain benzene (see ICSC 0015) but modern Stoddard solvents usually contain little or no benzene.
The symptoms of chemical pneumonitis often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Auto-ignition temperature may be reduced to approx.
180°C in the presence of a high-surface-area material.
Flash points may vary from 21 to 60 °C depending on the composition. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations