|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 55°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 55°C use a closed system and ventilation.||In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Nausea. Vomiting. Burning sensation. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED!||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Burning sensation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T+; R: 10-26/27/28-40; S: (1/2)-7/9-27-28-36/37-45
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: II
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GTF1-II.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R1.
|Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Keep in the dark. Well closed.|
Physical State; Appearance
CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 178°C
Melting point: -50°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.22
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 0.206
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.9
Flash point: 55°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 369°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.7-?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.29
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
DCEE, Chlorex are trade names.
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations