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1,1-DICHLORO-1-NITROETHANE
ICSC: 0434
Peer-Review Status: 04.04.2006 Validated
Ethane, 1,1-dichloro-1-nitro- 
CAS #: 594-72-9 RTECS #: KI1050000
UN #: 2650
EC #: 610-002-00-9
EINECS #: 209-854-0
    Formula: C2H3Cl2NO2
Molecular mass: 143.9

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 57.8°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 57.8°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Watering of the eyes. Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking liquid in sealable metal containers.   
EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 23/24/25; S: (1/2)-26-45 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Flammable liquid and vapour
Toxic if swallowed
Fatal if inhaled vapour
May cause respiratory irritation 
flam;flameskull;toxic

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-G1GT1-II.
NFPA Code: H2; F2; R3. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic gases including hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides and phosgene. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. Attacks rubber and some forms of plastic. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 2ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2006). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by ingestion and by inhalation of its vapour. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 124°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.4
Solubility in water at 20°C: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.0
Flash point: 57.8°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.56  
 

NOTES
Ethide is a trade name.
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see GHS classification. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations