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2,4-DICHLOROPHENOLICSC: 0438
May 2010
CAS #: 120-83-22,4-DCP
2,4-Dichlorohydroxybenzene
1-Hydroxy-2,4-dichlorobenzene
UN #: 2020
EINECS #: 204-429-6

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  NO open flames.  Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).  Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.   

 PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation behind the breastbone. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Further see Ingestion.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. See Notes. To remove substance use polyethylene glycol 400 or vegetable oil. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burns in mouth and throat. Abdominal pain. Tremor. Convulsions. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

corrskull;toxiccancer;health hazenviro;aqua
DANGER
Harmful if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Causes damage to central nervous system
May cause damage to the respiratory system if inhaled
Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Ventilation along the floor. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL ICSC: 0438
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including chlorine and hydrogen chloride. Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic fumes including phosgene and dioxins. Reacts violently with acids and strong oxidants. 

Formula: C6H4Cl2O
Molecular mass: 163.0
Boiling point: 210.0°C
Melting point: 45.0°C
Density: 1.4 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.45 (poor)
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 10
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 113°C o.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 500°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.17  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. Serious local effects by all routes of exposure. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. The hot liquid may cause severe skin burns. Exposure to the molten substance may result in extensive skin absorption and rapid death. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. Medical observation is indicated. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; when in molten form, however, evaporation will be much faster. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance does enter the environment under normal use. Great care, however, should be taken to avoid any additional release, for example through inappropriate disposal. 

NOTES
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 22-24-34-51/53; S: (1/2)-26-36/37/39-45-61 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations