IPCS INCHEM Home
2,5-DICHLOROPHENOLICSC: 0439
May 2010
CAS #: 583-78-82,5-Dichlorohydroxybenzene
1-Hydroxy-2,5-dichlorobenzene
UN #: 2020
EINECS #: 209-520-4

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    NO open flames.    Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.   

 STRICT HYGIENE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Sore throat. Burning sensation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Rest. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

excl mark;warn
WARNING
Harmful if swallowed
Causes skin irritation
Causes serious eye irritation
Toxic to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Store only in original container. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Ventilation along the floor. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
2,5-DICHLOROPHENOL ICSC: 0439
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
No data. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including acid anhydrides and hydrogen chloride. Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic fumes including phosgene. Reacts with strong oxidants. 

Formula: C6H4Cl2O
Molecular mass: 163
Boiling point at 99.2kPa: 211°C
Melting point: 59°C
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 0.2 (poor)
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.14  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Exposure could cause chloracne. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
See Notes. 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance does enter the environment under normal use. Great care, however, should be taken to avoid any additional release, for example through inappropriate disposal. 

NOTES
Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
The substance is combustible but no flash point is available in literature.
Also consult ICSC 0438 2,4-Dichlorophenol and 0440 3,5-Dichlorophenol. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations