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1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE
ICSC: 0441
Peer-Review Status: 25.03.1999 Validated
Propylene dichloride 
CAS #: 78-87-5 RTECS #: TX9625000
UN #: 1279
EC #: 602-020-00-0
EINECS #: 201-152-2
    Formula: C3H6Cl2
Molecular mass: 113.0

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!   
Inhalation Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Sore throat.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
Symbol: F, Xn; R: 11-20/22; S: (2)-16-24 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1279 or 30GF1-I+II.
NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0. 
Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes. Attacks aluminium alloys and some types of plastic. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 10ppm as TWA; (SEN); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2007).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 3B; (DFG 2006). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 96°C
Melting point: -100°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.16
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.26
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 27.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.15
Flash point: 16°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 557°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.4-14.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.02 (calculated) 
 

NOTES
Card has been partly updated in October 2005.
See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
Card has been partially updated in July 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits.
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see Fire fighting. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       1,2-Dichloropropane (SIDS)