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1,2-DICHLOROPROPANEICSC: 0441
June 2015
CAS #: 78-87-5Propylene dichloride
UN #: 1279
EINECS #: 201-152-2

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Highly flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  Use powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Drowsiness. Dizziness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Headache. Drowsiness. Abdominal pain. Vomiting. Diarrhoea.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention . Do NOT induce vomiting. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

flam;flameexcl mark;warncancer;health haz
DANGER
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
May cause an allergic skin reaction
May cause cancer
May cause damage to central nervous system
May cause damage to liver and kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure
Harmful to aquatic life 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 
PACKAGING
 
1,2-DICHLOROPROPANE ICSC: 0441
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes. Attacks aluminium alloys and some types of plastic. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Formula: C3H6Cl2 - CH3CHClCH2Cl
Molecular mass: 113.0
Boiling point: 96°C
Melting point: -100°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.16
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.26
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 27.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.15
Flash point: 16°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 557°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.4-14.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.02 (calculated) 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking. The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys. This substance is carcinogenic to humans. 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 10 ppm as TWA; (SEN); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
MAK: carcinogen category: 3B 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Do NOT take working clothes home. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: F, Xn; R: 11-20/22; S: (2)-16-24 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       1,2-Dichloropropane (SIDS)