|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water in large amounts, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|EXPOSURE||AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Shortness of breath. Burning sensation behind the breastbone. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Pain. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Burns.||Wear safety goggles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable plastic containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: F, C; R: 11-20/21/22-35; S: (1/2)-3-16-26-29-36/37/39-45
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Harmful if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
Harmful if inhaled
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
Harmful to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1154 or 30GFC-II.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R0.
|Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidizers, strong acids, organic compounds and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed. Store only in original container. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 55.5°C
Melting point: -50°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.7
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 25.9
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.5
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.4
Flash point: -28°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 312°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.8-10.1
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.58
|The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor, or by an authorized person, should be considered.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations