TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, carbon dioxide, foam, powder.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 98°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 98°C use a closed system and ventilation.|
|Inhalation||Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! See Ingestion.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible).|
|Ingestion||Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit and filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/24/25-33-51/53; S: (1/2)-28-36/37-45-61; Note: C
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Harmful if swallowed
May cause drowsiness and dizziness
May cause damage to blood
May cause damage to blood through prolonged or repeated exposure
Toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-II.
NFPA Code: H3; F1; R0.
|Separated from strong oxidants, acids, acid anhydrides, acid chlorides, hypochlorites, halogens and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS REDDISH TO BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO AIR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body in hazardous amounts by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 228°C
Melting point: 51°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.07
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 22°C: 0.38
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 4
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.19
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 98°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 580°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.84
|The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
TLV only established for mixed isomers.
See also ICSC 0600 (Xylidine, mixed isomers), 1519 (2,6-Xylidine), 1562 (2,4-Xylidine), 0451 (2,3-Xylidine), 1686 (2,5-Xylidine), 1687 (3,5-Xylidine).
Card has been partially updated in January 2008: see GHS classification.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations