TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use alcohol-resistant foam, foam, powder, carbon dioxide, fine water spray.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Cough. Headache. Drowsiness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Dry skin.||Protective gloves.||Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Weakness. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: F, Xi; R: 11-36-66-67; S: (2)-16-26-29-33
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
Causes eye irritation
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0.||Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and strong bases.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 57°C
Melting point: -98°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.93
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 24.4 (poor)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 23.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.3
Flash point: -13°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 505°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.1-16
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.18
Do NOT take working clothes home.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations METHYL ACETATE (JECFA Evaluation)