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1-PENTANOLICSC: 0535
April 2009
CAS #: 71-41-0n-Amyl alcohol
n-Butyl carbinol
n-Pentyl alcohol
UN #: 1105
EINECS #: 200-752-1

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting.  Above 43°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 43°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  Use alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Headache. Nausea. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell. 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Temporary loss of vision.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

flam;flameexcl mark;warncancer;health haz
WARNING
Flammable liquid and vapour
May be harmful if swallowed
May be harmful in contact with skin
Causes skin irritation
Causes eye irritation
May cause respiratory irritation
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. 
PACKAGING
 
1-PENTANOL ICSC: 0535
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
No data. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts violently with oxidants. 

Formula: C5H12O / CH3(CH2)3CH2OH
Molecular mass: 88.2
Boiling point: 138°C
Melting point: -79°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 2.2 (moderate)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01
Flash point: 43°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 320°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.2-10.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.51
Viscosity: 5 mm²/s at 20°C 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. If swallowed the substance may cause vomiting and could result in aspiration pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels could cause lowering of consciousness. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. 


Occupational exposure limits
MAK: 73 mg/m3, 20 ppm; peak limitation category: I(2); pregnancy risk group: C 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 10-20-37/38; S: (1/2)-36/37-46; Note: C 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations