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PROPYLENE
(cylinder)
ICSC: 0559
Peer-Review Status: 24.11.1998 Validated
Methylethylene
Propene
Methylethene 
CAS #: 115-07-1 RTECS #: UC6740000
UN #: 1077
EC #: 601-011-00-9
EINECS #: 204-062-1
    Formula: C3H6 / CH2CHCH3
Molecular mass: 42.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. In other cases extinguish with powder, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Gas/air mixtures are explosive.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding) if in liquid state.  In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Drowsiness. Suffocation. See Notes.  Use ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin ON CONTACT WITH LIQUID: FROSTBITE.  Cold-insulating gloves.  ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes See Skin.  Wear safety goggles or face shield.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.   

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. NEVER direct water jet on liquid. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.   
EC Classification
Symbol: F+; R: 12; S: (2)-9-16-33 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 2.1 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-137.
NFPA Code: H1; F4; R1. 
Fireproof. Cool. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS. 

Physical dangers
The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts violently with oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (SIMPLE-ASPHYXIANT): (ACGIH 2005); notice of intended change (see Notes). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation. 

Inhalation risk
On loss of containment this substance can cause suffocation by lowering the oxygen content of the air in confined areas. 

Effects of short-term exposure
Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness. See Notes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: -48°C
Melting point: -185°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.5
Solubility in water: poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 1158
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.5
Flash point: Flammable gas
Auto-ignition temperature: 460°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.4-10.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.77  
 

NOTES
High concentrations in the air cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death.
Check oxygen content before entering area.
Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
Card has been partially updated in August 2007: see Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Propylene (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 60, 1994)