IPCS INCHEM Home
TRICHLOROSILANEICSC: 0591
May 2002
CAS #: 10025-78-2Trichloromonosilane
Silicochloroform
UN #: 1295
EINECS #: 233-042-5

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.  NO water. Use AFFF, powder, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. 

 STRICT HYGIENE! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes. 
Skin Redness. Pain. Blisters. Skin burns.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable non-plastic containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3 and 8; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
TRICHLOROSILANE ICSC: 0591
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS VOLATILE FUMING LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride. Reacts violently with water, strong oxidants, strong acids and bases. This produces hydrogen chloride (see ICSC 0163). Attacks many metals in the presence of water. 

Formula: Cl3HSi
Molecular mass: 135.47
Boiling point: 31.8°C
Melting point: -126.5°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.34
Solubility in water: reaction
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 65.8
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.7
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 3.3
Flash point: -27°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 185°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.2-90.5 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema. Inhalation may cause asthma-like reactions. Exposure could cause death. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Toxicological properties are inferred from those of Methyldichlorosilane (ICSC 0297). 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: F+, C; R: 12-14-17-20/22-29-35; S: (2)-7/9-16-26-36/37/39-43-45 

All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.
    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations