TYPES OF HAZARD
|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air.||NO contact with acids, water or oxidizing agents.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.|
|EXPLOSION||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Headache. Fatigue. Nausea. Diarrhoea. Vomiting.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Burning sensation.||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.|
|Eyes||Pain. Photophobia.||Wear safety goggles.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Nausea. Incoordination. Fatigue. Vomiting. Cough. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.||Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. See Notes. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered dry containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: F, T+, N; R: 15/29-28-32-50/53; S: (1/2)-3/9/14-30-36/37-45-60-61
UN Hazard Class: 4.3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I
In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously
Fatal if swallowed
Harmful in contact with skin
Causes eye irritation
Causes damage to central nervous system if swallowed
Causes damage to the liver and the kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure if swallowed
Very toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43GWT2-I.
NFPA Code: H3; F3; R1.
|Separated from strong oxidants, acids and water. Dry. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Physical State; Appearance
DARK GREY CRYSTALS, POWDER OR PASTE WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 1100°C
Melting point: 420°C
Density: 4.6 g/cm³
Solubility in water: none, slowly decomposes
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to birds and mammals.|
Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water and carbon dioxide.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor, or by an authorized person, should be considered.
If a patient vomits after ingestion, collect the vomitus in a plastic bag to prevent emission of phosphine.
Blue-ox, Gopha-rid, Kilrat, Mous-Con, Phosvin, Ratol, Rumetan and Zinc-Tox are trade names.
Also consult ICSC 0694 Phosphine.
Card has been partially updated in October 2004: see Occupational Exposure Limits; EU Classification; Emergency Response.
Card has been partially updated in April 2013: see GHS classification.
EU Supplementary Hazard Statements EUH029 ('Contact with water liberates toxic gas') and EUH032 ('Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas') may apply.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations