|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Highly flammable.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.||Use powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with strong oxidants.||Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).||In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|Inhalation||Cough. Shortness of breath. Headache. Drowsiness.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness.||Protective gloves.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear safety goggles.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Further see Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: F, Xn; R: 11-20/22-36/37; S: (2)-9-16-24-26-33
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Highly flammable liquid and vapour
May be harmful if swallowed
Causes serious eye irritation
May cause respiratory irritation
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|NFPA Code: H2; F3; R0.||Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool.|
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 52-54°C
Melting point: -80°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.92
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 10.5
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 25.6
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.4
Flash point: -20°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 440°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.7-16.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.23
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Ethyl formate (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 44a) Ethyl formate (WHO Food Additives Series 14) ETHYL FORMATE (JECFA Evaluation)