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KEROSENEICSC: 0663
November 1998
CAS #: 8008-20-6Kerosine
Light petroleum
Lamp oil
Fuel oil no°1
UN #: 1223
EINECS #: 232-366-4

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable.  Above 37°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 37°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).  Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Sore throat. Unconsciousness.  Use ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Roughness.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. 
PACKAGING
 
KEROSENE ICSC: 0663
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
LOW VISCOSITY LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts with oxidants. 


Boiling point: 150-300°C
Melting point: -20°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water: none
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.5
Flash point: 37-65°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 220°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.7-5 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is mildly irritating to the skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the nervous system. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking. 


Occupational exposure limits
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Physical properties vary, depending on the composition.
Ingestion of kerosene (lamp oil) is a major cause of accidental poisoning in children. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 65; S: (2)-23-24-62; Note: H 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations