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FURFURYL ALCOHOL
ICSC: 0794
Peer-Review Status: 08.06.2012 Validated
2-Furancarbinol
2-Hydroxymethylfuran
Furfural alcohol
2-Furanmethanol 
CAS #: 98-00-0 RTECS #: LU9100000
UN #: 2874
EC #: 603-018-00-2
EINECS #: 202-626-1
    Formula: C5H6O2
Molecular mass: 98.1

TYPES OF HAZARD
/ EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE-FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 75°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 75°C use a closed system and ventilation.   
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!   
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin. Redness.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Watering of the eyes. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Burning sensation. Headache. Nausea. Aspiration hazard!  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give nothing to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T; R: 20/21-23-36/37-40-48/20; S: (1/2)-36/37-45-63 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Fatal if inhaled
Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin
Causes eye irritation
May cause damage to lungs and kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure
May cause respiratory irritation
May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways 
skull;toxiccancer;health haz

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R1.  Separated from strong oxidants, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS RED OR BROWN ON EXPOSURE TO LIGHT AND AIR. 

Physical dangers
No data. 

Chemical dangers
The substance polymerizes. Reacts with strong oxidants and strong acids. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some types of plastic. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 10 ppm as TWA; 15 ppm as STEL; (skin); (ACGIH 2011).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 3B; Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2011). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. If swallowed the substance may cause vomiting and could result in aspiration pneumonitis. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking. Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the lungs and kidneys. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 170°C
Melting point: -31°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.13
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 53
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 75°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 390°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.8-16.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.28
Viscosity: 4.09 mm²/s at 25°C 
 

NOTES
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       FURFURYL ALCOHOL (JECFA Evaluation)