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CHLOROACETONITRILE
ICSC: 0844
Peer-Review Status: 18.10.1999 Validated
Chloroethanenitrile
Monochloroacetonitrile
Chloromethyl cyanide 
CAS #: 107-14-2 RTECS #: AL8225000
UN #: 2668
EC #: 608-008-00-1
EINECS #: 203-467-0
    Formula: C2H2ClN / ClCH2CN
Molecular mass: 75.5

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 47°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 47°C use a closed system and ventilation.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Weakness. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 23/24/25-51/53; S: (1/2)-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 3; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G61B.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R0. 
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Cool. Ventilation along the floor. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and flammable vapours including hydrogen cyanide. Reacts with strong oxidants, reducing agents, acids, bases and steam. This produces highly toxic and flammable fumes. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration. This may result in cyanosis. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 126°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.19
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.16
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.61
Flash point: 47°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.0-?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.23  
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
The symptoms of acute intoxication do not become manifest until a few hours.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Also consult ICSC #0088 Acetonitrile. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Chloroacetonitrile  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)