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o-CHLOROPHENOLICSC: 0849
2-Chlorophenol
2-Chloro-1-hydroxybenzene
2-Hydroxychlorobenzene
March 1999
CAS #: 95-57-8
UN #: 2021
EC Number: 202-433-2

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Above 64°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames.  Above 64°C use a closed system and ventilation.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. See Ingestion. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Drowsiness. Weakness. Convulsions.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit and filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
o-CHLOROPHENOL ICSC: 0849
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes of hydrochloric acid and chlorine. Reacts with oxidants. 

Formula: C6H5ClO / C6H4ClOH
Molecular mass: 128.6
Boiling point: 175°C
Melting point: 9.3-9.8°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 2.85
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 230
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.4
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.08
Flash point: 64°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.15  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation of the aerosol may cause lung oedema. See Notes. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. 

NOTES
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn, N; R: 20/21/22-51/53; S: (2)-28-61; Note: C 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations