|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.|
|EXPLOSION||Above 65°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||Above 65°C use a closed system and ventilation.|
|EXPOSURE||PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!||IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Burning sensation. Cough. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Wheezing.||Avoid inhalation of dust. Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Skin burns. Pain. Blisters.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Headache. Weakness. Convulsions. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
Symbol: C; R: 34-42/43-52/53; S: (1/2)-22-26-36/37/39-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 8; UN Pack Group: III
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC8-II+III.
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R1.
|Separated from strong acids, strong oxidants, acid anhydrides, metals and food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed.|
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR WHITE FLAKES WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Boiling point: 146°C
Melting point: 106°C
Density: 1.1 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 15
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 21
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1
Flash point: 65°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 320°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 4-14
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.17
|This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to fish.|
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should avoid all further contact.
The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations