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1-NITROPROPANEICSC: 1050
March 1996
CAS #: 108-03-21-NP
UN #: 2608
EINECS #: 203-544-9

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Flammable.  Above 36°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 36°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  Use powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 

 PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin   Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and strong bases. 
PACKAGING
 
1-NITROPROPANE ICSC: 1050
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes and gases. Reacts violently with oxidants and strong bases. 

Formula: CH3CH2CH2NO2
Molecular mass: 89.1
Boiling point: 132°C
Melting point: -108°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.99
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 1.4
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.0
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 36°C
Auto-ignition temperature: 421°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.2-? 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 25 ppm as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen).
MAK: 7.4 mg/m3, 2 ppm; peak limitation category: I(8); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: D 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
Upper explosive limit is unknown in literature.
Protective clothing recommended for > 8 hours: Butyl Rubber, Polyvinyl Alcohol. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 10-20/21/22; S: (2)-9 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations