IPCS INCHEM Home
SODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE
ICSC: 1219
Peer-Review Status: 27.11.2003 Validated
Trisodium citrate dihydrate
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, trisodium salt, dihydrate 
CAS #: 6132-04-3     Formula: C6H9Na3O9 / C6H5Na3O7.2H2O
Molecular mass: 294.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat.  Use ventilation (not if powder).  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin     Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety spectacles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.   
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
   

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
The solution in water is a weak base. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes at 150°C
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 77  
 

NOTES
The apparent melting point caused by loss of crystal water is given.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations