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PENTACHLOROETHANE
ICSC: 1394
Peer-Review Status: 10.10.2002 Validated
Ethane pentachloride
Pentalin 
CAS #: 76-01-7 RTECS #: KI6300000
UN #: 1669
EC #: 602-017-00-4
EINECS #: 200-925-1
    Formula: CHCl2CCl3
Molecular mass: 202.3

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION     In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Dry skin.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 40-48/23-51/53; S: (1/2)-23-36/37-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1669.
NFPA Code: H3; F0; R0. 
Separated from food and feedstuffs, strong bases and powdered metals. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
The vapour is heavier than air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with strong bases, powdered metals and sodium-potassium alloy. This generates explosion and toxic hazard. 

Occupational exposure limits
MAK: 5 ppm, 42 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(2); (DFG 2002). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. This may result in depression. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the nervous system. This may result in impaired functions. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 162°C
Melting point: -29°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.68
Solubility in water: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 0.453
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.03
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.67  
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Pentachloroethane  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 41, 1986)
       Pentachloroethane  (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)