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1-CHLORO-1-NITROPROPANE
ICSC: 1423
Peer-Review Status: 17.10.2001 Validated
 
CAS #: 600-25-9 RTECS #: TX5075000
UN #: 2810
EC #: 610-007-00-6
EINECS #: 209-990-0
    Formula: C3H6ClNO2
Molecular mass: 123.54

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Above 62°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.  Above 62°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Wheezing. Burning sensation. Cough. Shortness of breath.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin   Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.   
EC Classification
Symbol: Xn; R: 20/22; S: (2) 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: III 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-III.
NFPA Code: H-; F2; R3. 
Separated from strong oxidants and acids. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
On combustion, forms toxic and corrosive fumes including chlorine fumes, hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides and phosgene. Reacts with oxidants and acids. Attacks plastics, rubber and insulators. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV: 2ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Inhalation of high concentrations of the vapour may cause lung oedema. See Notes. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 142°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.2
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.8
Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 773.1
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.3
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02
Flash point: 62°C o.c. 
 

NOTES
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005.
See section Occupational Exposure Limits. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations