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GLYCOLONITRILE
ICSC: 1427
Peer-Review Status: 10.09.2002 Validated
Formaldehyde cyanohydrin
Hydroxyacetonitrile
Cyanomethanol
Glyconitrile
Glycolic acid nitrile solution 
CAS #: 107-16-4 RTECS #: AM0350000
UN #: 3276
EINECS #: 203-469-1
    Formula: C2H3NO / HOCH2CN
Molecular mass: 57.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Dizziness. Lethargy. Headache. Shortness of breath. Weakness. Blue lips, fingernails and skin.  Use closed system or ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Refer for medical attention. See Notes. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Further see Inhalation.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . See Notes. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-I.  Separated from food and feedstuffs, acids and bases. Cool. Store only if stabilized. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS OILY LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
The substance may violently polymerize under the influence of traces of acids and bases. This generates fire or explosion hazard. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including hydrogen cyanide and nitrogen oxides. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration. This may result in convulsions and respiratory failure. Exposure could cause death. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the nervous system and thyroid. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 183°C
Melting point: -72°C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: good
Vapour pressure, Pa at 63°C: 100
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.6  
This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Commercial products are supplied as stabilized 70 % solutions in water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations