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DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
ICSC: 1473
Peer-Review Status: 10.09.2002 Validated
Diglycoldinitrate
Di(hydroxyethyl)ether dinitrate
Oxydiethylene dinitrate
DEGDN 
CAS #: 693-21-0 RTECS #: ID6825000
UN #: 0075
EC #: 603-033-00-4
EINECS #: 211-745-8
    Formula: C4H8N2O7 / O2NOC2H4OC2H4ONO2
Molecular mass: 196.1

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. Evacuate area, fight fires only from an explosion-resistant location. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion. Explosive.  Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 
 
EXPOSURE   STRICT HYGIENE!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Flushing of the face. Fall in blood pressure. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Weakness. Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconciousness.  Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! See Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes   Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion See Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: E, T+; R: 3-26/27/28-33-52/53; S: (1/2)-33-35-36/37-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 1.1D 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Fireproof. Store in a separate building. Separated from acids and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
LIQUID. 

Physical dangers
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion. May decompose explosively on shock, friction or concussion. On combustion, forms toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. Reacts with acids. 

Occupational exposure limits
MAK: Skin absorption (H); (DFG 2004). 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and blood. This may result in impaired functions and formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system. This may result in cardiac disorders. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point at 0.9kPa: 139°C
Melting point: 2°C
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 0.5  
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms. 

NOTES
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations