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POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
ICSC: 1487
Peer-Review Status: 19.04.2005 Validated
Ethylene, chloro-, polymer
Chloroethylene polymer
PVC 
CAS #: 9002-86-2 RTECS #: KV0350000
    Formula: (C2H3Cl)n
Molecular mass: 60 000-150 000

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.   
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!   
Inhalation Cough.  Avoid inhalation of dust.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin      
Eyes   Wear safety goggles.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.   

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers.   
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
   

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE POWDER OR PELLETS. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with fluorine. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):.
MAK (respirable fraction): 1.5 mg/m³; (DFG 2004). 

Routes of exposure
 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
Repeated or prolonged inhalation of dust particles may cause effects on the lungs. This may result in fibrosis (pneumoconiosis). 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Density: 1.41 g/cm³
Solubility in water: very poor 
 

NOTES
PVC products take many forms, due to additives used in manufacture.
The additives can influence the physical and toxicological properties of this substance.
The final product may contain traces of monomer see ICSC0082 Vinyl chloride. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations