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BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE
ICSC: 1584
Peer-Review Status: 04.07.2006 Validated
Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C8-18-alkyldimethyl chlorides
Alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride
Alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl) quaternary ammonium chloride
Ammonium alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl) chloride
Ammonium alkyldimethylbenzyl chloride 
CAS #: 63449-41-2 RTECS #: BO3150000
UN #: 2928
EC #: 612-140-00-5
EINECS #: 264-151-6
    Formula: C6H5CH2N(CH3)2RCl, R=C8H17 - C18H37

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO open flames.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE      
Inhalation Sore throat. Sore throat. Cough. Laboured breathing.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Skin burns. Pain.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.  Wear face shield.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into containers or absorb liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
Symbol: C, N; R: 21/22-34-50; S: (2)-36/37/39-45-61 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Harmful if swallowed
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Very toxic to aquatic life 
correxcl mark;warnenviro;aqua

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GTC2-II.  Separated from food and feedstuffs. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC WHITE-TO-YELLOW POWDER WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including ammonia, chlorine and nitrogen oxides. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body through the skin and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. If a solution is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Melting point: 29-34°C
Solubility in water at 20°C: good 
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
The EU classification refers to a group of substances known as quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl C8-18-alkyldimethyl chlorides.
Benzalkonium chloride itself is a mixture of very similar substances with different chain length and molecular mass.
Other CAS RNs: 8001-54-5 XXXX Other UN and Transport Emergency Card numbers are possible, depending on manufacturers´classifications.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
This substance is usually commercially available as a solution.
Strong solutions (>10%) are corrosive. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations