|ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS||PREVENTION||FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.||NO open flames.||Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.|
|Inhalation||Sore throat. Sore throat. Cough. Laboured breathing.||Use local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Skin burns. Pain.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.||Wear face shield.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|PACKAGING & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into containers or absorb liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place.||
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Symbol: C, N; R: 21/22-34-50; S: (2)-36/37/39-45-61
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: II
Harmful if swallowed
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Very toxic to aquatic life
|EMERGENCY RESPONSE||SAFE STORAGE|
|Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GTC2-II.||Separated from food and feedstuffs. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.|
Physical State; Appearance
HYGROSCOPIC WHITE-TO-YELLOW POWDER WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Occupational exposure limits
Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|PHYSICAL PROPERTIES||ENVIRONMENTAL DATA|
Melting point: 29-34°C
Solubility in water at 20°C: good
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.|
The EU classification refers to a group of substances known as quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl C8-18-alkyldimethyl chlorides.
Benzalkonium chloride itself is a mixture of very similar substances with different chain length and molecular mass.
Other CAS RNs: 8001-54-5 XXXX Other UN and Transport Emergency Card numbers are possible, depending on manufacturers´classifications.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.
Rest and medical observation is therefore essential.
This substance is usually commercially available as a solution.
Strong solutions (>10%) are corrosive.
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations